Friday, January 31, 2014
But don't take my word for it... Check out this cool banner that is currently the cover photo for 24's Facebook page. Now the big question is: Will I be financially irresponsible like I was in 2010 (when the hit FOX show's final season, Day 8, aired) and not work on the nights the episodes are shown on TV? I have less than four months to think about that—though I think we all know what my decision will end up being...
Wednesday, January 29, 2014
Sunday, January 26, 2014
Saturday, January 25, 2014
Just thought I'd share this cool infographic comparing the achievements made by the Opportunity (which marks the 10-year anniversary of her Martian landing today) and Spirit (whose mission ended almost three years ago) rovers on Mars. Here's hoping Curiosity will be alive and well when she celebrates this milestone in August of 2022...which would mark a decade since her own triumphant arrival on the Red Planet.
NASA / JPL - Caltech
NASA / JPL - Caltech
Wednesday, January 22, 2014
ESA / ATG medialab
Herschel Telescope Detects Water on Dwarf Planet (Press Release)
Scientists using the Herschel space observatory have made the first definitive detection of water vapor on the largest and roundest object in the asteroid belt, Ceres.
Plumes of water vapor are thought to shoot up periodically from Ceres when portions of its icy surface warm slightly. Ceres is classified as a dwarf planet, a solar system body bigger than an asteroid and smaller than a planet.
Herschel is a European Space Agency (ESA) mission with important NASA contributions.
"This is the first time water vapor has been unequivocally detected on Ceres or any other object in the asteroid belt and provides proof that Ceres has an icy surface and an atmosphere," said Michael Küppers of ESA in Spain, lead author of a paper in the journal Nature.
The results come at the right time for NASA's Dawn mission, which is on its way to Ceres now after spending more than a year orbiting the large asteroid Vesta. Dawn is scheduled to arrive at Ceres in the spring of 2015, where it will take the closest look ever at its surface.
"We've got a spacecraft on the way to Ceres, so we don't have to wait long before getting more context on this intriguing result, right from the source itself," said Carol Raymond, the deputy principal investigator for Dawn at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. "Dawn will map the geology and chemistry of the surface in high resolution, revealing the processes that drive the outgassing activity."
For the last century, Ceres was known as the largest asteroid in our solar system. But in 2006, the International Astronomical Union, the governing organization responsible for naming planetary objects, reclassified Ceres as a dwarf planet because of its large size. It is roughly 590 miles (950 kilometers) in diameter. When it first was spotted in 1801, astronomers thought it was a planet orbiting between Mars and Jupiter. Later, other cosmic bodies with similar orbits were found, marking the discovery of our solar system's main belt of asteroids.
Scientists believe Ceres contains rock in its interior with a thick mantle of ice that, if melted, would amount to more fresh water than is present on all of Earth. The materials making up Ceres likely date from the first few million years of our solar system's existence and accumulated before the planets formed.
Until now, ice had been theorized to exist on Ceres but had not been detected conclusively. It took Herschel's far-infrared vision to see, finally, a clear spectral signature of the water vapor. But Herschel did not see water vapor every time it looked. While the telescope spied water vapor four different times, on one occasion there was no signature.
Here is what scientists think is happening: when Ceres swings through the part of its orbit that is closer to the sun, a portion of its icy surface becomes warm enough to cause water vapor to escape in plumes at a rate of about 6 kilograms (13 pounds) per second. When Ceres is in the colder part of its orbit, no water escapes.
The strength of the signal also varied over hours, weeks and months, because of the water vapor plumes rotating in and out of Herschel's views as the object spun on its axis. This enabled the scientists to localize the source of water to two darker spots on the surface of Ceres, previously seen by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and ground-based telescopes. The dark spots might be more likely to outgas because dark material warms faster than light material. When the Dawn spacecraft arrives at Ceres, it will be able to investigate these features.
The results are somewhat unexpected because comets, the icier cousins of asteroids, are known typically to sprout jets and plumes, while objects in the asteroid belt are not.
"The lines are becoming more and more blurred between comets and asteroids," said Seungwon Lee of JPL, who helped with the water vapor models along with Paul von Allmen, also of JPL. "We knew before about main belt asteroids that show comet-like activity, but this is the first detection of water vapor in an asteroid-like object."
The research is part of the Measurements of 11 Asteroids and Comets Using Herschel (MACH-11) program, which used Herschel to look at small bodies that have been or will be visited by spacecraft, including the targets of NASA's previous Deep Impact mission and upcoming Origins Spectral Interpretation Resource Identification Security Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-Rex). Laurence O' Rourke of the European Space Agency is the principal investigator of the MACH-11 program.
Herschel is a European Space Agency mission, with science instruments provided by consortia of European institutes and with important participation by NASA. While the observatory stopped making science observations in April 2013, after running out of liquid coolant, as expected, scientists continue to analyze its data. NASA's Herschel Project Office is based at JPL. JPL contributed mission-enabling technology for two of Herschel's three science instruments. The NASA Herschel Science Center, part of the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, supports the U.S. astronomical community.
Dawn's mission is managed by JPL for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. Dawn is a project of the directorate's Discovery Program, managed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala. UCLA is responsible for overall Dawn mission science. Orbital Sciences Corp. in Dulles, Va., designed and built the spacecraft. The German Aerospace Center, the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, the Italian Space Agency and the Italian National Astrophysical Institute are international partners on the mission team. Caltech manages JPL for NASA.
Source: Jet Propulsion Laboratory
NASA / JPL - Caltech
Tuesday, January 21, 2014
NASA / JPL - Caltech
NASA Receives Mars 2020 Rover Instrument Proposals for Evaluation (Press Release)
NASA has received 58 proposals for science and exploration technology instruments to fly aboard the agency's next Mars rover in 2020, twice the usual number submitted for instrument competitions in the recent past, and an indicator of the extraordinary interest in exploration of the Red Planet.
The agency is beginning a thorough review to determine the best combination of science and exploration technology investigations for the mission and anticipates making final selections in the next five months.
"Proposal writing for science missions is extremely difficult and time consuming. We truly appreciate this overwhelming response by the worldwide science and technical community and are humbled by the support and enthusiasm for this unique mission," said John Grunsfeld, NASA's associate administrator for science in Washington. "We fully expect to be able to select an instrument suite that will return exciting science and advance space exploration at Mars."
NASA opened competition for Mars 2020 research proposals in September and closed it January 15. Several NASA facilities, academia, industry, research laboratories and other government agencies submitted proposals. Seventeen proposals came from international partners.
The Mars 2020 mission is designed to accomplish several high-priority planetary science goals and will be an important step toward meeting President Obama's challenge to send humans to Mars in the 2030s. The mission will conduct geological assessments of the rover's landing site, determine the habitability of the environment, search for signs of ancient Martian life, and assess natural resources and hazards for future human explorers.
The science instruments aboard the rover also will enable scientists to identify and select a collection of rock and soil samples that will be stored for potential return to Earth in the future. This will achieve one of the highest-priority objectives recommended by the National Research Council's 2011 Planetary Science Decadal Survey. Analysis of such samples in laboratories here on Earth will help determine whether life existed on Mars and help inform planning for human exploration missions to the planet.
The rover also may help designers of a human expedition understand the hazards posed by Martian dust and demonstrate how to collect carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, which could be a valuable resource for producing oxygen and rocket fuel.
"NASA robotic missions are pioneering a path for human exploration of Mars in the 2030s," said William Gerstenmaier, NASA's associate administrator for human exploration and operations in Washington. "The Mars 2020 rover mission presents new opportunities to learn how future human explorers could use natural resources available on the surface of the Red Planet. An ability to live off the land could reduce costs and engineering challenges posed by Mars exploration."
The instruments developed from the selected proposals will be placed on a rover similar to Curiosity, which has been exploring Mars since 2012. Using a proven landing system and rover chassis design to deliver these new experiments to Mars will ensure mission costs and risks are minimized as much as possible while still delivering a highly capable rover.
The 2020 mission will build on the achievements of Curiosity and other Mars missions, and offer opportunities to deploy new capabilities developed through investments by NASA's Space Technology Program, Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate, and contributions from international partners.
"New and more advanced space technologies are essential for future human expeditions to the Red Planet," said Michael Gazarik, NASA's associate administrator for space technology. "These technologies will enable the life support and transportation resources needed for future astronauts to live and work on Mars."
The Mars 2020 rover will join the agency's robust Mars Exploration Program, which includes the Curiosity and Opportunity rovers, the Odyssey and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft currently orbiting Mars, and the MAVEN orbiter, recently sent to study the Martian upper atmosphere. In 2016, a Mars lander mission called InSight will launch to take the first look into the deep interior of Mars. The agency also is participating in the European Space Agency's (ESA's) 2016 and 2018 ExoMars missions, including providing "Electra" telecommunication radios to ESA's 2016 orbiter and a critical element of the premier astrobiology instrument on the 2018 ExoMars rover.
Source: Jet Propulsion Laboratory
NASA / JPL - Caltech / MSSS
Monday, January 20, 2014
ESA’s ‘Sleeping Beauty’ Wakes Up From Deep Space Hibernation (Press Release)
It was a fairy-tale ending to a tense chapter in the story of the Rosetta space mission this evening as ESA heard from its distant spacecraft for the first time in 31 months.
Rosetta is chasing down Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, where it will become the first space mission to rendezvous with a comet, the first to attempt a landing on a comet’s surface, and the first to follow a comet as it swings around the Sun.
Since its launch in 2004, Rosetta has made three flybys of Earth and one of Mars to help it on course to its rendezvous with 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, encountering asteroids Steins and Lutetia along the way.
Operating on solar energy alone, Rosetta was placed into a deep space slumber in June 2011 as it cruised out to a distance of nearly 800 million km from the warmth of the Sun, beyond the orbit of Jupiter.
Now, as Rosetta’s orbit has brought it back to within ‘only’ 673 million km from the Sun, there is enough solar energy to power the spacecraft fully again.
Thus today, still about 9 million km from the comet, Rosetta’s pre-programmed internal ‘alarm clock’ woke up the spacecraft. After warming up its key navigation instruments, coming out of a stabilising spin, and aiming its main radio antenna at Earth, Rosetta sent a signal to let mission operators know it had survived the most distant part of its journey.
The signal was received by both NASA’s Goldstone and Canberra ground stations at 18:18 GMT/ 19:18 CET, during the first window of opportunity the spacecraft had to communicate with Earth. It was immediately confirmed in ESA’s space operations centre in Darmstadt and the successful wake-up announced via the @ESA_Rosetta twitter account, which tweeted: “Hello, World!"
“We have our comet-chaser back,” says Alvaro Giménez, ESA’s Director of Science and Robotic Exploration. “With Rosetta, we will take comet exploration to a new level. This incredible mission continues our history of ‘firsts’ at comets, building on the technological and scientific achievements of our first deep space mission Giotto, which returned the first close-up images of a comet nucleus as it flew past Halley in 1986.”
“This was one alarm clock not to hit snooze on, and after a tense day we are absolutely delighted to have our spacecraft awake and back online,” adds Fred Jansen, ESA’s Rosetta mission manager.
Comets are considered the primitive building blocks of the Solar System and likely helped to ‘seed’ Earth with water, perhaps even the ingredients for life. But many fundamental questions about these enigmatic objects remain, and through its comprehensive, in situ study of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, Rosetta aims to unlock the secrets contained within.
“All other comet missions have been flybys, capturing fleeting moments in the life of these icy treasure chests,” says Matt Taylor, ESA’s Rosetta project scientist. “With Rosetta, we will track the evolution of a comet on a daily basis and for over a year, giving us a unique insight into a comet’s behaviour and ultimately helping us to decipher their role in the formation of the Solar System.”
But first, essential health checks on the spacecraft must be completed. Then the eleven instruments on the orbiter and ten on the lander will be turned on and prepared for studying Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.
“We have a busy few months ahead preparing the spacecraft and its instruments for the operational challenges demanded by a lengthy, close-up study of a comet that, until we get there, we know very little about,” says Andrea Accomazzo, ESA’s Rosetta operations manager.
Rosetta’s first images of 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko are expected in May, when the spacecraft is still 2 million km from its target. Towards the end of May, the spacecraft will execute a major manoeuvre to line up for its critical rendezvous with the comet in August.
After rendezvous, Rosetta will start with two months of extensive mapping of the comet’s surface, and will also make important measurements of the comet’s gravity, mass and shape, and assess its gaseous, dust-laden atmosphere, or coma. The orbiter will also probe the plasma environment and analyse how it interacts with the Sun’s outer atmosphere, the solar wind.
Using these data, scientists will choose a landing site for the mission’s 100 kg Philae probe. The landing is currently scheduled for 11 November and will be the first time that a landing on a comet has ever been attempted.
In fact, given the almost negligible gravity of the comet’s 4 km-wide nucleus, Philae will have to use ice screws and harpoons to stop it from rebounding back into space after touchdown.
Among its wide range of scientific measurements, Philae will send back a panorama of its surroundings, as well as very high-resolution pictures of the surface. It will also perform an on-the-spot analysis of the composition of the ices and organic material, including drilling down to 23 cm below the surface and feeding samples to Philae’s on-board laboratory for analysis.
The focus of the mission will then move to the ‘escort’ phase, during which Rosetta will stay alongside the comet as it moves closer to the Sun, monitoring the ever-changing conditions on the surface as the comet warms up and its ices sublimate.
The comet will reach its closest distance to the Sun on 13 August 2015 at about 185 million km, roughly between the orbits of Earth and Mars. Rosetta will follow the comet throughout the remainder of 2015, as it heads away from the Sun and activity begins to subside.
“We will face many challenges this year as we explore the unknown territory of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko and I’m sure there will be plenty of surprises, but today we are just extremely happy to be back on speaking terms with our spacecraft,” adds Matt Taylor.
Source: European Space Agency
Friday, January 17, 2014
For all of y'all slackers out there, here's a nice little list that will allow you to turn negative qualities about yourself into positive ones on a job résumé or during an interview. Of course, if folks were proactive enough to already have a résumé jotted down or called in for a job interview, then they wouldn't need this list in the first place. Just sayin'.
Posted by Richard at 3:31 PM
Wednesday, January 15, 2014
NASA / Goddard / Chris Meaney
NASA Invites Public to Send Names on an Asteroid Mission and Beyond (Press Release)
NASA is inviting people around the world to submit their names to be etched on a microchip aboard a spacecraft headed to the asteroid Bennu in 2016.
The "Messages to Bennu!" microchip will travel to the asteroid aboard the agency's Origins-Spectral Interpretation Resource Identification Security Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft. The robotic mission will spend more than two years at the 1,760-foot (500-meter)-wide asteroid. The spacecraft will collect a sample of Bennu's surface and return it to Earth in a sample return capsule.
"We're thrilled to be able to share the OSIRIS-REx adventure with people across the Earth, to Bennu and back," said Dante Lauretta, principal investigator of the OSIRIS-REx mission from the University of Arizona in Tucson. "It's a great opportunity for people to get engaged with the mission early and join us as we prepare for launch."
Those wishing to participate in "Messages to Bennu!" should submit their name online no later than Sept. 30 at:
After a person submits their name, they will be able to download and print a certificate documenting their participation in the OSIRIS-REx mission.
"You'll be part of humankind's exploration of the solar system --How cool is that?" said Bill Nye, chief executive officer of The Planetary Society, the organization collecting and processing the entries.
Participants who "follow" or "like" the mission on Facebook will receive updates on the location of their name in space from launch time until the asteroid samples return to Earth in 2023. Facebook fans also will be kept apprised of mission progress and late-breaking news through regular status updates.
The OSIRIS-REx mission goal is to address basic questions about the composition of the very early solar system, the source of organic materials and water that made life possible on Earth, and to better predict the orbits of asteroids that represent collision threats to the Earth. It will collect a minimum of 2 ounces (60 grams) of surface material.
Once the sample return capsule deploys, the spacecraft will be placed into a long-term solar orbit around the sun, along with the microchip and every name on it.
"It is exciting to consider the possibility that some of the people who register to send their names to Bennu could one day be a part of the team that analyzes the samples from the asteroid 10 years from now," said Jason Dworkin, mission project scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md.
This mission will assist the agency in its efforts to identify the population of potentially hazardous near-Earth objects, as well as those suitable for asteroid exploration missions. The asteroid initiative brings together the best of NASA's science, technology and human exploration efforts to achieve President Obama's goal of sending humans to an asteroid by 2025.
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., will provide overall mission management, systems engineering, and safety and mission assurance for OSIRIS-REx. Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Denver will build the spacecraft. OSIRIS-REx is the third mission in NASA's New Frontiers Program. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., manages New Frontiers for the agency's Science Mission Directorate in Washington.
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Monday, January 13, 2014
-― John Joseph Powell, The Secret of Staying in Love
-― M.J. Hayland
-― Jake Vander Ark, The Accidental Siren
-― Jacques Prévert
-― Gina Barreca
Saturday, January 11, 2014
-― Sikhwetha maanda stanley
-― Sikhwetha maanda stanley
-― Maya Banks, Rush
-― Marisa Calin, Between You & Me
-― Bruce Springsteen
Tuesday, January 07, 2014
This hilarious skit was posted online almost a year ago, but just thought I'd share this urban take on the 1991 Oscar-nominated film Beauty and the Beast here. I'm sure that even Disney execs will be amused (after they get over the initial urge to sue for copyright infringement, I kid) by how well-executed this musical number is. PC goons who'll cry racism aside, check this video out now!
Sunday, January 05, 2014
Just thought I'd give a shout-out to 20-year-old Madilyn Bailey, whose awesome acoustic renditions of songs by artists such as Lorde, Imagine Dragons, Adele, Flo Rida, Fun and Miley Cyrus have received millions of views on her YouTube page. Click on that link to see just how talented this singer from a small town in Wisconsin is...or just watch the four music videos I've posted below. Pretty dope.
Friday, January 03, 2014
NASA / JPL
Ten Years Ago, Spirit Rover Lands on Mars (Press Release)
This mosaic image taken on Jan. 4, 2004, by the navigation camera on the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit, shows a 360 degree panoramic view of the rover on the surface of Mars. Spirit operated for more than six years after landing in January 2004 for what was planned as a three-month mission.
Spirit drove 4.8 miles (7.73 kilometers), more than 12 times the goal set for the mission. The drives crossed a plain to reach a distant range of hills that appeared as mere bumps on the horizon from the landing site; climbed slopes up to 30 degrees as Spirit became the first robot to summit a hill on another planet; and covered more than half a mile (nearly a kilometer) after Spirit's right-front wheel became immobile in 2006. The rover returned more than 124,000 images. It ground the surfaces off 15 rock targets and scoured 92 targets with a brush to prepare the targets for inspection with spectrometers and a microscopic imager.
NASA / JPL
Wednesday, January 01, 2014
2014 looks to be an action-packed year in terms of what's happening in sports, films and space exploration. Sports-wise, you have next month's Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. Movie-wise, you have the return of Autobots and Decepticons to the big screen with Transformers: Age of Extinction, Jim Carrey and Jeff Daniels once again teaming up as Lloyd Christmas and Harry Dunne in Dumb and Dumber To, Part 1 of The Hunger Games: Mockingjay and the final Hobbit installment, There and Back Again. Oh, and you have the start of principal photography for 2015's Star Wars: Episode VII in the coming weeks! Woohoo.
With space exploration, Japan launches Hayabusa 2 to an asteroid this December (hopefully), MAVEN and India's Mars Orbiter Mission probe reach the Red Planet this September, NASA's Orion capsule makes its much-anticipated test flight into space that month as well, and the New Horizons spacecraft crosses the orbit of Neptune on August 25—exactly 25 years to the day that Voyager 2 flew past the gas giant. After that, the next world on New Horizons' radar is none other than Pluto itself! Oh, and later this month the Opportunity Mars rover will mark her 10-year anniversary since landing on the Red Planet. Lots of cool milestones this year...if you're a space geek.
-Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones (Jan 3)
-BCS National Championship Game in Pasadena, California: Auburn vs. Florida State (Jan 6)
-Orbital Sciences’ Cygnus freighter launches cargo to the International Space Station (Jan 7)
-71st Annual Golden Globe Awards (Jan 12)
-Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit (Jan 17)
-I, Frankenstein (Jan 24)
-NASA's Opportunity rover marks its 10th year of operation since landing on Mars (Jan 25)
-56th Annual Grammy Awards (Jan 26)
-Super Bowl XLVIII in East Rutherford, New Jersey (Feb 2)
-Opening Ceremony – XXII Olympic Winter Games of Sochi (Feb 7)
-The LEGO Movie (Feb 7)
-The Monuments Men (Feb 7)
-RoboCop (Feb 12)
-2014 NBA All-Star Game in New Orleans, Louisiana (Feb 16)
-Pompeii (Feb 21)
-SpaceX's Dragon ship launches cargo to the International Space Station (Feb 22)
-56th annual Daytona 500 in Florida (Feb 23)
-Closing Ceremony – Olympic Winter Games (Feb 23)
-86th Academy Awards (Mar 2)
-300: Rise of an Empire (Mar 7)
-2014 NCAA March Madness basketball tournament begins with Opening Round Game (Mar 18)
-Stretch (Mar 21)
-Conclusion of the March Madness tournament prior to the 2014 Final Four games in Arlington, Texas (Mar 29)
-Captain America: The Winter Soldier (Apr 4)
-2014 NCAA Final Four basketball tournament in Arlington, Texas (Apr 5)
-NCAA Final Four Championship Game in Arlington, Texas (Apr 7)
-A total lunar eclipse will be visible over east Australia, the Pacific, and North and South America (Apr 15)
-Transcendence (Apr 18)
-An annular solar eclipse will be visible over parts of Antarctica and Australia (Apr 29)
-Orbital Sciences’ Cygnus freighter launches cargo to the International Space Station (May 1)
-The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (May 2)
-NFL Draft (May 8-10)
-Godzilla (May 16)
-Million Dollar Arm (May 16)
-X-Men: Days of Future Past (May 23)
-Start of the 2014 French Open tennis tournament (May 25)
-98th Indianapolis 500 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway (May 25)
-Maleficent (May 30)
-A Million Ways to Die in the West (May 30)
-Edge of Tomorrow (Jun 6)
-SpaceX's Dragon ship launches cargo to the International Space Station (Jun 6)
-Conclusion of the 2014 French Open (Jun 8)
-Start of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil (Jun 12)
-22 Jump Street (Jun 13)
-Launch of Europe's fifth Automated Transfer Vehicle, Georges Lemaitre, to the International Space Station (Jun 17)
-The Purge 2 (Jun 20)
-Transformers: Age of Extinction (Jun 27)
-Start of the 2014 Tour de France (Jul 5)
-Dawn of the Planet of the Apes (Jul 11)
-Conclusion of the FIFA World Cup (Jul 13)
-2014 Major League Baseball All-Star Game in Minneapolis, Minnesota (Jul 15)
-Jupiter Ascending (Jul 18)
-Conclusion of the Tour de France (Jul 27)
-Guardians of the Galaxy (Aug 1)
-Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (Aug 8)
-The Expendables 3 (Aug 15)
-Sin City: A Dame to Kill For (Aug 22)
-Start of the 2014 World Rowing Championships in the Netherlands (Aug 24)
-NASA's New Horizons spacecraft crosses Neptune's orbit on the way to Pluto (Aug 25)
-Conclusion of the World Rowing Championships (Aug 31)
-SpaceX's Dragon ship launches cargo to the International Space Station (Sep 12)
-NASA’s Orion vehicle makes first flight into space on Exploration Flight Test-1 (Sep 18)
-NASA’s MAVEN spacecraft arrives at Mars (Sep 22)
-India’s Mars Orbiter Mission probe arrives at the Red Planet (Sep 24)
-Orbital Sciences’ Cygnus freighter launches cargo to the International Space Station (Oct 3)
-A total lunar eclipse will be visible over North America, the Pacific, Australia, and east Asia (Oct 8)
-Gone Girl (Oct 10)
-Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day (Oct 10)
-Comet C/2013 A1 to make close flyby of Mars (Oct 19)
-A partial solar eclipse will be visible over far eastern Russia and most of North America (Oct 23)
-Paranormal Activity 5 (Oct 24)
-Interstellar (Nov 7)
-Dumb and Dumber To (Nov 14)
-Fury (Nov 14)
-The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 1 (Nov 21)
-Horrible Bosses 2 (Nov 26)
-The Hobbit: There and Back Again (Dec 17)
-Night at the Museum 3 (Dec 25)
-Unbroken (Dec 25)
-Japan’s Hayabusa 2 spacecraft launches to asteroid (162173) 1999 JU3 (TBD)
-The United States and the United Kingdom officially withdraw their troops from Afghanistan, marking the end to 13 years of combat operations in the Central Asian country (Dec 31)